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As in 2020, all domestic paper mills continued to work at full capacity in 2021. To assist in maintaining this level of production, Turkey imported approximately 1.5 million tons of recovered paper last year.

A number of mills are pursuing new investments in order to keep pace with increased demand, including Modern Karton which has finalized its decision to establish a fluting and liner facility at Zonguldak with an annual capacity of 550,000 tons, for which the company is already in contact with machinery and equipment suppliers. Other investments currently taking shape include: Hamburger’s duplex board project at Kutahya; and Kipas’ tissue capacity investment at Kahramanmaras and its duplex board initiative at Soke.

Recovered paper prices surged in 2021 owing to the devaluation of the Turkish lira and rising inflation. This currency devaluation also contributed to an increase in Turkey’s finished product exports.

In 2022, recovered paper imports are expected to climb to perhaps 2 million tons, with an increase in general price levels anticipated owing to inflationary pressures.